1st Time Buyer and Land Transfer Tax
Land transfer tax applies to all conveyances of land in Ontario. First-time homebuyers may be eligible for a refund of all or part of the tax payable.
• For agreements of purchase and sale entered into before December 14, 2007, the refund only applies on the purchase of a newly constructed home.
• For agreements of purchase and sale entered into after December 13, 2007, the refund applies to all homes, whether newly constructed or resale. Qualifying taxpayers may claim an immediate refund at time of registration as follows:
• if registering electronically, by completing the required statements under the Explanation tab of the electronic land transfer tax affidavit, or
• if registering on paper, by filing an Ontario Land Transfer Tax Refund Affidavit For First-Time Purchasers of Eligible Homes at the Land Registry Office.
If the refund is not claimed at registration, the tax must be paid and a claim for the refund may be submitted directly to the Ministry of Revenue at the address at the end of this bulletin.
The amount of the refund claimed will, if granted, offset the land transfer tax payable. The maximum amount refundable is $2,000.
Examples: Cost of Home Tax Payable Tax Refund Net Tax Payable
$100,000 $725 $725 $0
$200,000 $1,725 $1,725 $0
$300,000 $2,975 $2,000 $975
There is no interest paid on this refund.
The refund will be reduced if one or more of the purchasers are not a first-time home purchaser. The refund will be proportionate to the interest acquired by the individuals who qualify for the refund. For example, where a parent who is not a first-time purchaser and a child who is a first-time purchaser, purchase a home with equal 50/50 interests, the child may claim 50% of the land transfer tax refund. The child’s claim cannot exceed 50% of the maximum allowable refund (i.e. 50% of $2,000). A qualifying purchaser may also claim a refund in proportion to his or her spouse’s interest if that purchaser’s spouse has owned a home before becoming the purchaser’s spouse, but not while that purchaser’s spouse.
If registering on paper or if claiming a refund through the Ministry of Revenue, after having paid the tax on registration, a qualifying purchaser must complete an Ontario Land Transfer Tax Refund Affidavit For First-Time Purchasers of Eligible Homes form in order to apply for the refund.
Definitions “qualifying home” means,
a) for agreements of purchase and sale entered into before December 14, 2007, a newly constructed home, and
b) for agreements of purchase and sale entered into after December 13, 2007, an eligible home.
“eligible home” is defined as follows:
a) a detached house;
b) a semi-detached house, including a dwelling house that is joined to another dwelling house at the footing or foundation by a wall above or below grade or both above and below grade;
c) a townhouse;
d) a share or shares of the capital stock of a co-operative corporation if the share or shares are acquired for the purpose of acquiring the right to in-habit a housing unit owned by the corporation;
e) a mobile home that complies with the Canadian Standards Association Standard CAN/CSA-Z240 Mobile Homes and is suitable for year round permanent residential occupation;
f) a condominium unit;
g) a residential dwelling that is a duplex, triplex or fourplex;
h) a partial ownership interest as a tenant in common of real property if the ownership
interest was acquired for the purpose of acquiring the right to inhabit a housing unit forming part of the real property;
i) a manufactured home that is manufactured in whole or in part at an offsite location, that is intended for basement installation, that is suitable for year round permanent residential occupation and that complies with,
(i) the Building Code made under the Building Code Act, 1992;
(ii) if the manufactured home is constructed in sections that are not wider than 4.3 metres, Canadian Standards Association Standard Z240.2.1 Structural Requirements for Mobile Homes and Canadian Standards Association
Standard Z240.8.1 Windows for Use in Mobile Homes; or
(iii) if the manufactured home is constructed in sections that are 4.3 metres or wider, Canadian Standards Association Standard A277 Procedure for Certification of Factory Built Houses, or
j) any other residential property as may be prescribed.
“newly constructed home” means a home in respect of which the purchaser is entitled to a warranty under section 13 of the Ontario New Home Warranties Plan Act (ONHWPA) and which is sold to the purchaser by a vendor as defined in ONHWPA.
“purchaser” means an individual who is at least 18 years of age and who has never owned an eligible home anywhere in the world and whose spouse has not owned an eligible home anywhere in the world while he or she was a spouse of the individual.
“spouse" means spouse as defined in section 29 of the Family Law Act. At present, "spouse" means either of two persons who are married to each other, or who are not married to each other and who have cohabited,
a) continuously for a period of not less than three years, or
b) in a relationship of some permanence, if they are the natural or adoptive parents of a
Requirements to Qualify for a Refund
• The purchaser must be at least 18 years of age.
• The purchaser must occupy the home as his or her principal residence no later than nine months after the date of the conveyance or disposition.
• The purchaser cannot have previously owned a home, or had any ownership interest in a home, anywhere in the world, at any time.
• If the purchaser has a spouse, the spouse cannot have owned a home, or had any ownership interest in a home, anywhere in the world, while he or she was the purchaser’s spouse. If this is the case, no refund is available to either spouse.
• The purchaser cannot have previously received an Ontario Home Ownership Savings Plan (OHOSP)-based refund of land transfer tax.
Time Limit to Apply for Refund
A qualifying purchaser must apply for the refund no later than 18 months after the date of registration of the conveyance or the date the unregistered disposition occurs.